Nutrition 101. Minerals

Minerals are inorganic substances. They serve multiple key functions in all cells, tissues, and organs of the human body. To name a few, minerals provide structures to bones and other tissues, assist in contraction and relaxation of muscles, aid in the production and transport of energy, promote the production of protein, contribute to enzymes activity, play a crucial role in heart functioning and blood pressure maintenance, support the oxygen-carrying system and acid base balance, immune defense against bacteria and viruses and much, much more.

There are 7 major minerals that are crucial to our Health, with daily requirements of over 100 mg: Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sulfur, Sodium, Chlorine, and Magnesium.

There are 14 trace minerals that we need in quantities of less than 100 mg/day: Iron, Selenium, Iodine, Chromium, Zinc, Fluoride, Copper, Manganese, Molybdenum, Boron, Silicon, Vanadium, Nickel, and Strontium.

As with vitamins, healthy people can get adequate amounts of Minerals simply by eating a variety of nutrient rich foods in moderation.  If mineral deficiency is suspected or predicted – as with some illnesses, during pregnancy, competitive sports, undernourishment and other conditions – please consult your doctor before taking supplements.  They may do you harm.

To check if you getting enough nutrients in your food please read my blog: “Nutrition 101. How do I know if I get enough nutrients?”

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